Connect with us

blogs What is a Proxy Server and How Does it Work?

What is a Proxy Server and How Does it Work?

Asloob Alam

The privacy of online browsing decreases every day. Since websites and applications record everything, you do, more and more individuals seek privacy-preserving measures. One of the alternatives you have for protecting your online identity is using web proxy servers. However, they also provide several additional advantages, which we'll learn from this writing.

What is a Proxy Server?

An intermediary server is a proxy server that provides a gateway between a client device (computer or smartphone) and another server. It acts as a dual layer of security by filtering out potentially harmful browsing activities. Proxy Servers also assist e-Commerce Businesses as they operate in a challenging environment and are prone to security threats. These platforms require protection against Cybersecurity Threats, competitor research, and similar activities, which is where proxy servers come into play.


A proxy server is also an essential tool for e-commerce scrapping. An e-commerce scraper is a software tool that extracts data, such as product information, price comparisons, customer reviews, etc., from e-commerce websites. Typically, e-Commerce websites prohibit third-party data extraction, but a software proxy server enables this process as they use different IP addresses. Using a Proxy Server Security, a scraper can navigate multiple e-commerce websites and gather the desired information— for example, some web scraping software enables you to scrap prices using AI and analyze pricing data from a number of products. This allows customers to compare options and make informed shopping decisions. Notably, certain web scraping programs possess the capability to bypass Datadome, a robust web scraping detection software that actively thwarts bot-driven attacks in real-time and provides comprehensive protection against a range of other bot threats.


Let's get into the details!

How does a Proxy Server work?

Each computer is given a unique Internet Protocol (IP) address when connected to the Internet, which serves as its digital identification, similar to a home address. The Internet relies on this address to reach your computer, much like a mail carrier delivering letters to your physical home address.


When you make a request, it is transmitted through the proxy server, retrieving the response (information) from the web server and forwarding it to your web page. Additionally, the proxy server assists in making an encrypted version of your data accessible on the web, safeguarding your identity from being revealed.

Benefits of a Proxy Server

Apart from providing an additional layer of security for your computer, Proxy Network has some additional benefits, as below.


  • Acts as a shield in preventing people from trying to snoop on your system.
  • Balance the internet traffic and thus avoids crashes.
  • Control access to certain websites inside the office. With this device, you can decide who will do what and what not.
  • Helps to minimize the impact of SPIM.


Which type of proxy server to choose?

You can select from two types of proxy servers. The first is online, available in the cloud, and the second is the hardware version. For the first one, you can download and use it by paying periodic charges. The second one is the hardware version, the physical version to be installed between your system and the Internet.


Want a trial run? The free proxy server is also available. It will have a limited address and fits into only a few devices. By upgrading to the paid version of Proxy servers, you can use a wide range of business demands and fit well with all devices. You have the option to think which one is good for you.

What to choose? Cloud-based or physical instruments?

Understanding the advantages and limitations will help you comprehend which is better for your business, according to the requirements.

Hardware Version (On-Premises)

Check out the parameters detailed below:

1. Control and customization

With a hardware proxy server, you have direct control over the server hardware, configuration, and software. This allows for fine-tuning, customization, and integration with existing network infrastructure.

2. Performance

Dedicated hardware can provide higher performance and throughput, especially for organizations with substantial network traffic or specific performance requirements.

3. Cost

Hardware proxy servers typically involve upfront costs for purchasing and maintaining physical devices. Additionally, ongoing expenses may include hardware upgrades, maintenance, and staff expertise for managing the servers.

Cloud-Based (Online) Proxy Server

1. Scalability

Cloud-based proxy servers can easily scale up or down based on demand. They offer flexibility to adapt to changing needs without the limitations of physical hardware constraints.

2. Ease of deployment

Cloud-based proxies require minimal setup and can be provisioned quickly without managing physical infrastructure.

3. Cost efficiency

Cloud-based solutions often follow a pay-as-you-go model, allowing you to avoid upfront hardware costs. Do not pay for everything; only pay for your resources, making it a potentially cost-effective solution, especially for smaller organizations or those with fluctuating traffic patterns.

4. Geographic reach

Cloud-based proxies usually have a global presence, allowing you to choose proxy servers in various locations, which can be advantageous for bypassing regional restrictions or improving latency.

Benefits that make Proxy Servers unavoidable

Organizations and individuals are getting many benefits from using a proxy server.

To limit the internet access of employees and children

Both parents and institutions find it handy to use proxy servers to oversee the internet usage of their employees or children. Employers may wish to restrict certain websites from being accessed by their staff, and similarly, parents may have concerns about certain websites being accessed by their children.

Improved bandwidth and speed

Organizations can perform better with a proxy server. It aids in easy access to frequently used websites by sending you the saved copy. This is beneficial when several employees are using the same website simultaneously. By opening the saved copy of the website, you can save bandwidth and improve the network performance.

Improved security

Proxy servers become the best tool to keep prying eyes from accessing your transactions. You can also restrict any known malware from getting access to your computer. By using a Virtual Private Network (VPN), companies can ensure their remote users have full access to the company email and internal data they require.


A proxy server can be part of an on-premise chat solution setup, helping and assisting you have better control over on-premise Infrastructure owned and operated by you.

Types of Proxy Servers

Proxy servers can be categorized into several types based on their functionality and purpose. Here are some common types of proxy servers:


SOCKS (Socket Secure) is a protocol that allows clients to establish a TCP/IP connection through a proxy server. SOCKS proxies are not limited to web traffic and can handle various types of network traffic, including applications, games, and file transfers. They support both TCP and UDP protocols.

FTP Proxy

An FTP (File Transfer Protocol) proxy server facilitates file transfers between client devices and FTP servers. It intercepts FTP commands and manages the data transfer, providing enhanced security, caching, or access control features.

Reverse Proxy

In front of web servers, a reverse proxy server is set up to serve as a conduit for client requests. It receives client requests and sends them on to the proper backend server, such as a web server or an application server. Reverse proxies frequently offer load balancing, caching, and SSL termination to enhance performance and security.

Transparent Proxies

A transparent proxy server intercepts network traffic without requiring any configuration on the client side. It operates transparently, allowing communication between clients and servers without the clients being aware of the proxy's presence. Transparent proxies are commonly used for caching, filtering, or monitoring purposes.

Anonymity Proxy

An anonymity proxy server helps users maintain anonymity and privacy by disguising their IP addresses. The anonymous proxy often strips identifying information from client requests, making it difficult for servers to trace back to the original client.

Content Filtering Proxy

Content filtering proxies are used to restrict or filter access to specific websites or content categories. They enforce access policies by blocking or allowing requests based on predefined rules or filtering mechanisms.

Load Balancing Proxy

Load-balancing proxies distribute network traffic across multiple servers to optimize performance and ensure high availability. They intelligently distribute incoming requests and load evenly among backend servers and often provide health checks to monitor server availability.

Shared Proxy

Several users simultaneously use shared proxies. This proxy IP address is reachable by many users from various regions. For those businesses, it makes more sense to lower the cost of proxy ownership.


With the increased number of social websites and malware, there is a growing demand to protect your business interests, not compromise, and to protect your business from internet attacks. The proxy server thus becomes the inevitable tool for a business organization and also for your personal computer, starting from restricting your children to accessing unfavorable websites. Proxy servers not only provide protection but also make sure your visibility is not compromised.

Team Collaboration Software like never before
Try it now!
Recent blogs
To create a Company Messenger
get started
download mobile app
download pc app
close Quick Intro
troop messenger demo
Schedule a Free Personalized Demo